¿Estamos locos los argentinos?

En diciembre de 2001 el país estalló por los aires. El 20 De la Rúa renunció porque no podía seguir ejerciendo el poder. El 1 de enero de 2002 asumía Eduardo Duhalde gracias al acuerdo legislativo con Raúl Alfonsín. La crisis era pavorosa. El sistema de partidos se había evaporado. Muchos políticos no podían transitar por las calles. No había moneda y la fragmentación social era pavorosa. Domingo Cavallo había destruido al país, como antes lo habían hecho Celestino Rodrigo y Martínez de Hoz.

Al asumir como presidente el 25 de mayo de 2003 Néstor Kirchner prometió enterrar para siempre el paradigma neoliberal. Sin embargo, lejos estuvo en su histórico discurso de prometer un populismo desenfrenado. Por el contrario, hizo hincapié en la imperiosa necesidad de no excederse en los gastos, de cuidar la moneda, de controlar el déficit fiscal. Habló de la relevancia de la cultura del trabajo y fustigó el clientelismo político. Con la inestimable ayuda de Roberto Lavagna, logró un histórico desendeudamiento. Pese a su particular estilo de ejercer el poder, a veces rayano con el autoritarismo, Néstor Kirchner logró enderezar el barco. El holgado triunfo obtenido en 2005 fue el respaldo que necesitaba para profundizar el cambio de paradigma prometido en 2003.

Todo cambió a partir de 2008. El conflicto provocado por la resolución 125 le provocó un daño irreparable al gobierno de Cristina Fernández. Entre marzo y julio el país estuvo al borde del abismo. Algunos apostaron de manera irresponsable por el golpe institucional y un importante sector de la sociedad se prestó a ello. A partir de entonces la grieta impuso sus condiciones. El país quedó preso de la intolerancia y el fanatismo. En 2009 Cristina recibió un duro castigo en las urnas y la grieta se profundizó. La oposición y los grandes medios creyeron que había llegado la hora. A comienzos de 2010 estalló el escándalo protagonizado por Martín Redrado quien, como presidente del Banco Central, se negó, como le había ordenado la presidente, a utilizar reservas para el pago de intereses de la deuda. Sin embargo, durante los festejos del bicentenario quedó en evidencia que Cristina no estaba sola.

En octubre de 2011 Cristina consiguió la reelección. Néstor Kirchner había fallecido un año antes y a partir de ese trágico hecho había surgido el cristinismo. Pese a haber sido votada por el 54% del electorado los ataques contra su persona y su gobierno se sucedieron sin solución de continuidad. En 2013 el cristinismo sufrió un golpe del que jamás logró reponerse. La victoria de Massa en provincia de Buenos Aires sepultó el plan reeleccionista. A partir de ese momento Cristina se limitó a durar hasta diciembre de 2015.

2014 y 2015 fueron muy duros para el país. La economía empeoró ostensiblemente. La inflación provocada por la devaluación de comienzos de 2014 comenzó a hacer estragos en el bolsillo de los trabajadores y la pobreza aumentó. Las chances electorales de la oposición comenzaron a crecer de manera ostensible. Y lo que era una quimera en 2011 se hizo realidad en 2015. Mauricio Macri, jefe de gobierno porteño, le ganó a Daniel Scioli en el histórico balotaje de noviembre. Por primera vez en la historia un candidato conservador no peronista, defensor de la economía de mercado, accedía a la presidencia por el voto popular.

Macri aplicó de entrada la clásica receta ortodoxa. Al principio tuvo éxito porque contó con los dólares provenientes de Wall Street. Pero cuando el grifo se cerró a comienzos de 2018 su gobierno comenzó a tambalear. Macri jamás logró recuperar la iniciativa a partir de entonces. Acorralado y desesperado no tuvo más remedio que pedir ayuda al FMI, el prestamista de última instancia. De no ser por Lagarde y Trump, el gobierno hubiera caído en cuestión de días. Macri entregará el poder el 10 de diciembre pero pagando un costo monstruoso. La crisis económica es pavorosa. El pueblo está sumido en la resignación y la desesperanza, como sucedió a fines de 2001. Evidentemente no aprendimos de esa trágica experiencia. Volvimos a tropezar con la misma piedra. Nuestra inmadurez política e institucional es sencillamente patética. Nosotros, como pueblo, no tenemos memoria. Nos empecinamos en darle la razón a Einstein quien afirmó que sólo un loco cree que aplicando todo el tiempo los mismos métodos se pueden obtener resultados diferentes. ¿Estaremos locos los argentinos?

Hernán Andrés Kruse

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Adolfo H
Adolfo H
1 year ago

Si , la verdad que estamos un poco trastornados para haberle dado el gobierno en elecciones al gato y los dueños económicos del país (como lo dijo hace un tiempo Urtubey , no Grabois ni D’ Elia)…ahora, pretender que ordenen el zafarrancho los Fernandez (con la bolsa de gatos ideológica que representa esa “coalicion” ) es bastante ingenuo. SOLO LA SABIDURIA Y EXPERIENCIA nos puede salvar, el único que la tiene es el Dr LAVAGNA, a ver si aprendemos alguna vez a no seguir la caida.

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1 year ago
Reply to  Adolfo H

ESOS NO VIENEN A ARREGLAR NADA SOLO A TERMINAR EL TRABAJITO QUE NO PUDIERON EN EL DOSMILQUINCE…

Ruperto
Ruperto
1 year ago

Kruse “De la Rua renuncio poque no podia seguir ejerciendo el poder”, no sera que hubo un Golpe de Estado, instrumentado por Clarin, Alfonsin, Duhalde y sectores parasitarios varios? Rodrigo y Martinez de Hoz destruyeron el pais? No habra sido Gelbard entre 1973 al 75? Cavallo destruyo el pais o Lavagna/Kichner que restauraron la inflacion, extrangularon exportaciones y convirtieron la Argentina de exportador de Energia a importador? El neoliberalismo no existe, solo existen el capitalismo y el socialismo.

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1 year ago
Reply to  Ruperto

EXACTO A DE LA RUA LO SACARON NO SE FUE PORQUE QUISO MÁS ALLÁ DE QUE NO TUVO FIRMEZA EN GOBERNAR…

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1 year ago

OBVIO FUE TODO UNA TRAMA PARA PONERLO AL PUTO KIRCHNER QUE ARRUINÓ EL PAÍS CON EL COMUNISMO CULTURAL GRAMSCIANO…Y AHORA COMO BIEN SEÑALA MARI GOLPE FINAL CAMBIANDO LA CONSTITUCIÓN….HIJOSDEMILPUTAS.

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1 year ago

ALFONSÍN HIJODEMILPUTAS YLAPUTAMADRE QUETEREPARIÓ VIEJO DE LASMILMIERDAS…

Ruperto
Ruperto
1 year ago

Macri de entrada no hizo ninguna politica ortodoxa. La cosa la decidio Prat Gay, radical Keynesiano. Lo ortodoxo es liberar todas las variables, eliminar retenciones, atacar el deficit fiscal. Tipo de cambio libre sin intervencion del Banco Central, ahi no te endeudas, hay avalancha de exportaciones que luego permiten importaciones. No pago a los piqueteros. Si lo hubiera puesto de entrada a Melconian de Ministro de Economia, hubiera habido ortodoxia, precipitar la crisis de una sola vez, no la agonia permanente del gradualismo keynesiano.

Ruperto
Ruperto
1 year ago

Despues de las PASO, todo el que tiene algo que perder, huye. Lo que ocurre en Venezuela esta muy presente, esa es la actual crisis economica, que si aplican Fernandez el Pacto Social a lo Gelbard, se lo lleva puesto en cuatro meses. Por deuda no tiene problema, ya que simplemente hace lo de Alfonsin/Grispun, Peronismo desde Rodriguez Saa a los Kichner, va directamente a la Cesacion de Pagos, pais normal como diria Kijner.

Maria O'Connor
Maria O'Connor
1 year ago

Sr. Kruse:

Honestamente,

1. En Argentina hacen lo que creen que hacen los paises desarrollados la gente se cree la propaganda que emiten los medios de comunicacion.
Todas esas ideas de la llegada de supuestos inversores por un lado, y de la gran patria LatinoAmericana son mentiras lisas y llanas.

A. Mentiras neoliberales: EEUU se desarrollo con keynesianismo que aplicaron desde los 1940 aprox a 1985, no se desarrollo con todas esas ideas neoliberales ue emiten los medios de comunicacion.
Europa y Asia se desarrollaron creando cooperativas despues de la pos guerra. Aun un tercio de los trabajadores continuan en cooperativas. Las cooperativas es la unica manera de crear pleno empleo y desarrollar un pais sin capital. Una cooperativa puede criar riqueza desde la pobreza.

B, Mentiras Zurdas: La gran patria Latino Americana no existe. Cada pais Latino Americano tiene una cultura propia. Hay regiones culturales como

-Argentina, Uruguay, Chile y Sur de Brasil.
–Venezuela Colombia.
-Centro America/Mexico.
– Caribe. Puerto Rico/Republica Dominicana/Cuba.
-Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador.

Fuera de las regiones culturales afines es muy dificil hacer una union Latino Americana, porque somos diferentes, hemos tenido diferentes experiencias, clima, y diferentes aportes immigratorios.

2.
En Argentina hay un exceso de ideologias, creen que las ideologias desarrollaran el pais. La gente piensa que para desarrollarse hay que adoptar determinada ideologia y ningun pais se desarrollo siguiendo ideologias. Tampoco existe la pureza ideologica en ningun pais.

3. El pais no hace publicidad educativa en TV Publica para estimular a los jovenes a estudiar y educar a los mayores. En otros paises se hace TV educativa. Un ejemplo Dora la Exploradora para educar a los chiquititos. Otro ejemplo era McGyver para entusiasmar a los adolescentes a estudiar ciencias. Ademas, se hacen series y novelas para adultos educativas.
No hacen nada y no se dan cuenta que dentro de 10 anos no existiran trabajos manuales, si no tienes un estudio no podran trabajar. En EEUU hasta estan usando la automatizacion en el agro y en la construccion que parecia imposible.
Estan haciendo robots para limpiar la casa cosa que los ancianos en el futuro puedan vivir en sus casas sin tener que vivir con otros o ir a un geriatrico.
Argentina se esta quedando atras.
Las novelas que son “educativas” solo tratan la tematica sexual

Estos foros son un ejemplo se la pasan insultandose los unos a los otros, en vez de debatir ideas. Se pelean por ideas e ideologias de otras epocas que no resolveran las situaciones actuales

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1 year ago
Reply to  Maria O'Connor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Dodd

Bella Dodd
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Bella Dodd
Native name
Maria Asunta Isabella Visono
Born 1904
Picerno, Basilicata, Kingdom of Italy
Died April 29, 1969
New York City, US
Citizenship American
Education Hunter College, Columbia University, New York University
Occupation teacher, lawyer, labor union activist
Years active 1925–1969
Employer Hunter College, Teachers Union, Communist Party USA
Known for Anti-communism
Spouse(s) John Dodd (divorced)
Bella Dodd (née Visono; 1904[1] – 29 April 1969[2]) was a teacher, lawyer, and labor union activist, member of the Communist Party of America (CPUSA) and New York City Teachers Union (TU) in the 1930s and 1940s (“one of Communism’s most strident voices”), and vocal anti-communist after her expulsion from the Party in 1949.[3]

Contents
1 Background
2 Career
2.1 Catholicism
2.2 Testimony
2.3 Later
3 Personal life and death
4 Works
5 See also
6 References
7 External links
Background
Bella Dodd was born Maria Asunta Isabella Visono was born in 1904 in Picerno, Basilicata region, Province of Potenza, Kingdom of Italy. She was the youngest of ten children. When her family came to the United States, they were very poor. They stopped going to Church. She attended public schools in the New York City area including Evander Childs High School. In 1921, after winning a state scholarship, she attended Hunter College, a public university. There, she received an A.B., developed an interest in social issues, and drifted into agnosticism. In her senior year, she became president of the student council. She worked summers to fund her studies. In 1925, she graduated with honors. She received an MA from Columbia University working toward a doctorate in philosophy. The title of her MA thesis was “Is Congress a Mirror of the Nation?” Then she switched to the legal division. From Fall 1927 to June 1930, she graduated from the School of Law at New York University where she received a JD. During Summer 1930, she traveled to Berlin, Vienna, Venice, Florence, and Rome. In Italy, she found Fascism appalling and became vehemently anti-fascist.[1][3][4]

Career
In the Fall of 1925, Dodd got her first job as a substitute teacher in History at the Seward Park High School. In February 1926, she accepted an offer to teach at Hunter College. She continued to teach, even after passing the New York bar in 1931.[1][3]

On route home from Europe in 1930, Dodd met a group of New York City school teachers, who belonged to the Teachers Union (TU). Upon her return to the States, she started attending TU meetings. “I found them disconcerting because there was so much strife between groups seeking control,” she later wrote. Married, she took off time from work but returned to teaching at Hunter College by 1932, when the Great Depression affected both her parents and husband.[1]

From 1926 until 1938, Dodd taught political science and economics at Hunter College. In 1938, she resigned that job and became a full-time activist for the New York City Teachers Union.[3]

Dodd joined an “Anti-Fascist Literature Committee.” She was attracted to the Communist Party by Margaret Schlauch. “The Communist Party in this country set itself up as the one organization that was fighting fascism.”[3] She was recruited by Harriet Silverman, who introduced her to Party leader Earl Browder. Teachers urged her to attend a “Class Room Teachers Association,” through which she learned of the Trade Union Unity League (TUUL) and the Teachers Union (TU). She saw Celia Lewis, Clara Richer, and Max Diamond emerge as leaders of the TU’s “Red minority.” A first bill she helped pass led to her promotion as a TU legislative representative, for which she took a six-month leave of absence from Hunter College in Spring 1936–she took over from TU co-founder Abraham Lefkowitz. (Charles J. Hendley was the new TU president as of 1935 through 1945.) Party leaders like Jack Stachel and William Z. Foster demanded that American workers become “politicalized” and “proletarianized.” Through the intervention of friend and mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, Dodd got leave again. During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), teachers recruited among themselves for volunteers for the Lincoln Brigade: Dodd names Sid Babsky and Ralph Wardlaw as teachers who answered the call. In the same period, membership rose to more than 9,000, of which a tenth were communists. So many college teachers joined that they formed their own New York City College Teachers Union Local 537 AFT. Dorothy Wallace joined the TU as “minder” for the Soviets. The “Stalin” among them was Dale Zysman (Party name “Jack Hardy”), who had trained in Moscow (along with some other teachers): he was TU vice president. Dorothy Wallas turned out to be Zysman’s sister. Then Henry Linville and Abraham Lefkowitz split from the TU to form the New York City Teacher Guild.[1][5]

By 1938, Dodd resigned from her job at Hunter College and took a full-time position in the TU. To ease access to state legislators in Albany, New York, in 1938 she moved her family to Poughkeepsie.[1] In 1939, the Hitler-Stalin Pact undermined the TU’s public position. The Rapp-Coudert Committee started its investigations. By 1940, opposition to the TU had gathered: Linville and Lefkowitz rallied George Googe and others from the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and other anti-communists including George Counts and John Childs of Teachers College, George Axtelle, Lovestoneites led by Ben Davidson, and teachers from Detroit, Atlanta, Washington. The Party formed a “Committee to Defend the Public Schools.” Dodd personally burned a list of TU members in her possession. The Coudert subcommittee subpoenaed more than 600 teachers. In 1940, the Party asked Dodd to head a “Women’s Trade Union Committee for Peace.” By that time, Dodd worked for the Communist Party, the TU, and the American Labor Party. City College of New York expelled 50 teachers, including Morris U. Schappes. She spent the rest of 1940 and all of 1941 in defending teachers or finding them new jobs. Dodd also led the TU into new affiliation with United Public Workers as Local 555 UPW. the During 1942, she found herself deep in political infighting to control the American Labor Party by communist and socialist parties. In 1944, she watched the opening of the Jefferson School of Social Science, successor to the New York Workers School, orchestrated by Earl Browder and Alexander Trachtenberg. She taught one class there, then stopped. She declined an offer to run the California Labor School.[1]

During this time with the TU, Dodd was working closely with the Party. She was not an open member. In fact (she testified before HUAC in 1953), “the Communist Party made it very emphatic that professional people engaged in public service who had public jobs were not to be exposed and were not card-carrying members. Rather, she served in the faction that moved the TU “in the direction of the Communist Party.”[1][3] By 1943, Dodd’s feelings toward the Communist Party had changed:

In the Party I was beginning to see many people of a different stripe. During the war period I saw how opportunism and selfishness engulfed many comrades. They wore expensive clothes, lived in fine apartments, took long vacations at places provided by men of wealth. There was, for one, William Wiener, former treasurer of the Party, manipulator for a score of business enterprises, who wore Brooks Brothers suits, smoked expensive cigars, and lunched only at the best places. There were the tradeunion Communists who rubbed elbows with underworld characters at communist-financed night clubs, and labor lawyers who were given patronage by the Party by assignment to communist-led trade unions and now were well established and comfortable.[1]

In March, 1943, Gil Green convinced Dodd to become an open Communist Party leader.[1][3]

In 1943, Dodd succeeded Si Gerson (who was enlisting in the Army) as Communist legislative representative for the New York district, although she retained an honorary position with the TU. At Party headquarters, she attended Politburo meetings with Gil Green, Earl Browder, William Z. Foster, Robert Minor, Jim Ford, Jack Stachel, John Williamson, and Elizabeth Gurly Flynn. With Party consent, Dodd, Philip Jones, and Allen Goodwin set up a law office at 25 West 43rd Street to keep political relations open beyond the Party. Dodd began to associate closely with the National Maritime Union at this time.[1][3]

In 1944, Dodd began serving as a member of the National Committee of the Communist Party. She also served as a member of the secretariat of State Communist Party of New York until 1948. Fellow state secretariat members included Si Gerson and Israel Amter.[1][3]

She later wrote:

By January 1944 I was firmly established at Party headquarters on Twelfth Street. There I organized the legislative program of the Party; but, more important still, I supervised the legislative work of the unions, chiefly the unions of government workers on a state, local, and national level, of the mass organizations of women, and of ‘the youth organizations.[1]

But the Tehran Conference had led to dissent with Party leadership, which led to the ouster of Samuel Adams Darcy. Foster was also critical but went with the majority and stayed in the Party. At the Party’s annual conference, Dodd was elected to the National Committee of the “Communist Political Association.” Dodd wrote that the Party had control of the CIO Political Action Committee as well as the Independent Committee of Artists, Scientists and Professionals, chaired by sculptorJo Davidson. Depressed by continued infighting, Dodd complained to Gurley Flynn, who let Dodd replace her in 1945 in cross-country speaking engagement. However, upon her return to New York, she found no improvement. She noted a contradiction in Party policies: at one support the formation of the United Nations and for post-war labor agitation and “petitions for universal military training.”[1]

By April 1945, Browder had fallen from favor in Moscow, supported vocally by Mother Bloor, Gurley Flynn, Ann Burlak, Benjamin J. Davis Jr., and Pat Tuohy. A top committee reviewed Party leadership for expulsion. Dodd began angling to leave the Party but was refused. In January 1946, Browder was expelled from the Party for “Browderism.” Dodd claimed that “from 1945 to 1947 several thousands were expelled” from the Party. These included the writer Ruth McKenney and husband Bruce Minton. Dodd herself began to come under suspicion. She received a subpoena from a New York County grand jury and told the district attorney’s office she had become a Communist “because only the Communists seemed to care about what was happening to people in 1932 and 1933… They were fighting hunger and misery and fascism then; and neither the major political parties nor the churches seemed to care.” In Spring 1947, Foster traveled to Europe and during a June 27, 1947, meeting of the Party’s National Committee it became clear to Dodd that Moscow had finalized a Party reorganization. For instance, the Party replace the Daily Worker editor Morris Childs with John Gates–Dodd abstained from the vote. Then Foster announced plans for a new “farm-labor party” as well as support for a new “Progressive Party.” In January 1948, “before Henry Wallace had made any public statement, in fact even before the Progressive Party had been formally organized, Foster announced through the Associated Press that it was going to be formed and that Henry Wallace would be its standard bearer.”[1][3]

By late 1947, Dodd became convinced of pending expulsion. She focused on her law work. In 1949, Dodd met with Communist officials, who questioned her. On June 17, 1949, she received a call from the Associated Press: “We have received a statement from the Communist Party announcing your expulsion from membership. It says here that you are anti-Negro, anti-Puerto Rican, anti-Semitic, anti-labor, and the defender of a landlord. Have you any statement to make?” Dodd gave no comment.[1][3][6] Ostensibly, she was expelled for representing a landlord in a legal dispute with a renter, which was a violation of Party bylaws against recognition or defense of the right to private property. However, Dodd’s expulsion from the Party was part of a larger purge following the ouster of Earl Browder as the CPUSA’s General Secretary.[7]

Catholicism
On April 8, 1952, Dodd rejoined the Roman Catholic Church, she announced on August 5 later that year. Previously, she had been taking weekly instruction from Monsignor Fulton J. Sheen (whose converts also included Louis F. Budenz and Clare Booth Luce).[1][4][8] By 1954, Dodd had become an outspoken proponent for the Catholic Church and vocal anti-communist. As example, she warned against that “materialistic philosophy,” which she saw as “guiding” public education, “demoralizes” Americans. She was speaking to “Columbiettes” at a New York gathering of the Knights of Columbus. She also noted that materialism formed the basis of both Communism and Nazism.[9]

Testimony
On March 10, 1953, Dodd testified before a televised hearing of the U.S. Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS) about widespread Party infiltration of labor unions and other institutions. The following day, The New York Times headlined its front-page story “Bella Dodd Asserts Reds Got Presidential Advisory Posts.” Dodd had testified that “Communists had got into many legislative offices of Congress and into a number of groups advising the President of the United States,” as well as the State of New York’s Office of Education in Albany and New York City’s Board of Education. Overall, she estimated that the communist Party had “read the minds” of some thousand school and college teachers in New York. Dodd explained to SISS that it was “very easy” for her to “inject” communist beliefs into her teaching – as was the “function of a Communist teacher,” namely “to create people willing to accept a Communist government.” She also supported federal government efforts to root out communism among teachers by stating, “I believe that the only way this sinister conspiracy of the Communist party can be really uncovered is by a Federal investigating group with subpoena power.”[8]

On June 17 and 18, 1953, Dodd testified before the U.S. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). She claimed to have resigned her Party position in 1946 and returned to law.[3] (In her memoir, she reports that she left high office but used her position as a lawyer as cover to continue Party work until her expulsion in 1949. She testified that she knew J. Peters.[1])

On her attraction to in the Party and her experience in it, she explained:

“The Communist Party in this country set itself up as the one organization that was fighting fascism.”[3]
“I went in the Teachers’ Union and I received $60 a week… When I went to serve as he legislative representative of the Communist Party, I received $50 a week… We weren’t doing it for pay. We were doing it because we really believe in it.”[3]
Her dedication to Communism arose from nascent Browderism: “After the Tehran Conference and Yalta Conference, we were told the United States and the Soviet Union were going forward to a hundred years of peace.”[3]
Explaining how American communists can conceive of overthrowing their government, she explained that “They (the Party) divide your loyalty to the ‘country’ from loyalty to the ‘people.’”[3]
She found it hard it was to leave the Party. She said that when she tried to leave in 1946, New York party secretary Bill Norman told her “Nobody gets out of the Party. We throw you out, but you don’t get out by yourself.” She was warned that leaving the Party meant disintegration until she became a “stool pigeon.” She remarked, “That is a hard word to live with. It is a hard word to live with.”[3]
On the topic of testifying, she opined:

She encouraged others to testify: “I am here to testify to this committee that, as far as I know, no one in New York City has been hurt by the fact that he was in the party if he went to the superintendent and said, ‘I was a member. I am no longer.’ His or her name hasn’t been mentioned publicly. The people got notoriety are those who asked for it by refusing to answer the question.”[3]
“The people I know, and I knew practically everyone in New York City who appeared before the various committees, I know of no one who has appeared and claimed the fifth amendment, in New York City, who was not a member of the Communist Party… It is my opinion that those attorneys who advise their clients to take the fifth amendment are putting their clients into a noose.”[3]
“The Communist party advises everyone who received a subpoena from any government agency, should it be a person who has worked with the party, to get in touch at once with his immediate superior in the party. Then he is advised as to which legal service to get,” either a communist lawyer or “lawyers who have worked with the Communist Party… There are certain lawyers that the Communist movement will use. Many of them are not party members… Many times these lawyers give their services for nothing in cases of this kind because they expect to get cases later on, from the trade-union movements …”[3]
On the topic of hidden communist teachers, she said, “At the time I had knowledge, I would say conservatively, we had about 1,500 member of the Communist Party” (among teachers nationwide). Leading the witness, HUAC lead counsel Robert Lowe Kunzig solicited yes or no answers from her:

KUNZIG: Are you suggesting that professional people and teachers are handled in a special way?
DODD: Yes, I said in the very beginning–
KUNZIG: –If there was a professor in a college anywhere… his Communist Party membership and his participation in Communist activities would be kept on a highly secret level?
DODD: Yes, it would.[3]

On the topic of academic freedom, she said, “There is only one academic freedom to them, that is loyalty to the Communist Party. There is no room for difference of opinion.”[3] However, she noted, “There are many teachers in America, and 99.99% are loyal Americans.”[3]

Dodd named teachers, whether communist leaders or sympathizers (or, as Kunzig characterized them, “suckers”), including:

Moe Finkelstein, secretary of the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom
Franz Boas
Albert Einstein
Christian Gauss[3]
Later
Dodd continued as a lawyer for the rest of her life.[3]

In 1968, Dodd made an unsuccessful attempt to become a member of the US Congress as a candidate of the New York Conservative Party; she lost by a significant margin.[10] She came in last place with 3% of the vote, against Democratic incumbent Leonard Farbstein (easily reelected with 53%), Donald Weeden (Republican), Ralph Denat (Liberal), and David McReynolds (Peace and Freedom).

Personal life and death
Dodd met her future husband John Dodd during her Summer 1930 trip to Europe. They married in late September at the county clerk’s office, with friends Beatrice Feldman and Louis Finkelstein as witnesses. In 1940, her husband left her out of political differences. They had no children.[1]

On April 29, 1969,[2] at age 64,[11] Dodd died in Manhattan, New York, New York after undergoing gall bladder surgery.[10] She was buried at Gate of Heaven Cemetery in Pleasantville, New York.[12]

Works
Dodd, Bella (1954). School of Darkness. New York: P.J. Kennedy & Sons.

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1 year ago
Reply to  Maria O'Connor

CONCLUSIONESLa primera y fundamental es que la ideología marxista-leninista, a la que adscribieron todoslos grupos terroristas argentinos, no es un producto de elaboración local.Las reuniones de la Tricontinental y de la Organización Latinoamericana de Solidaridad(OLAS), han sido verdaderas usinas terroristas internacionales que contaron con el ejercicio,práctica, apoyo y colaboración de las organizaciones terroristas argentinas.La Junta Coordinadora Revolucionaria (JCR) ha sido una estructura organizada para la eje-cución de acciones terroristas a nivel internacional y a la que suscribió gran parte del terro-rismo argentino, hecho que no se puede negar ni desconocer.Las organizaciones creadas en Europa para apoyar el accionar de los terroristas argentinosy para desacreditar las operaciones de guerra llevadas a cabo por las Fuerzas Armadas y deSeguridad en el país, cumplieron con su cometido gracias al apoyo recibido de los gobiernosde los países que frecuentaban, de otras organizaciones terroristas y, fundamentalmente, dela intervención del régimen cubano.Tal vez el paradigma del carácter internacional del terrorismo argentino sea la estrecha rela-ción que se mantuvo entre la Organización por la Liberación de Palestina (OLP) conMontoneros a través del hecho de intercambiar la fábrica de explosivos plásticos en base aexógeno (C-2) por instrucción y entrenamiento militar para sus tropas especiales de infantería.Como fue explicitado, la intervención de grupos terroristas argentinos trabajando para elgobierno sandinista de Nicaragua con el auspicio, dirección y apoyo del gobierno cubano,también es una demostración palpable del carácter internacional del terrorismo argentino.Finalizamos este trabajo, repitiendo conceptos ya incorporados en el cuadernillo “Con elPoder Destructor de la Mentira – Una Malversación Histórica (1959-1983)”: (AUNAR,Asociación Unidad Argentina, Buenos Aires, enero de 2007.)“[…] los autodenominados ejércitos terroristas desarrollaban una guerra revolucionaria inte-grados en una red internacional, con organización y apoyo logístico de la OrganizaciónLatino Americana de Solidaridad (OLAS) desde 1967 y la dirección de Fidel Castro”.“[…] en 1974, el ERP comandaba una verdadera organización multinacional terrorista regio-nal llamada Junta Coordinadora Revolucionaria (JCR), una red operativa pergeñada por elPartido Comunista de Cuba, con el cual el ERP trabajaba en estrecho contacto para man-tener el control del proceso revolucionario continental”.“Ricardo Burzaco en su libro ‘Infierno en el monte tucumano’, indica: En Roma fueron dete-nidos y expulsados gran cantidad de subversivos pertenecientes a Montoneros […] Granparte de los guerrilleros argentinos expulsados de Europa, recalaron en Nicaragua y for-maron parte de las fuerzas sandinistas […]”“Decir que ‘el terrorismo argentino no era internacional, sino local’ no sólo es un gruesoerror sino una gran mentira […]”51
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Hemos tratado, mediante toda la información expuesta, de demostrar la verdadera relacióndel terrorismo argentino, entre los años sesenta y setenta, con órganos extranjeros de simi-lares características.Todas las pruebas aportadas nos permiten desenmascarar la falsedad de las declaracionesacerca de que el terrorismo en la Argentina no fue internacional, sino local.Después de haber transcurrido más de tres décadas desde que el país sufrió la más cruen-ta guerra revolucionaria de su historia, continúan las manifestaciones acerca de la ‘ferozrepresión’ o del ‘terrorismo de Estado’ ejercido por las FF.AA. y de SS., durante el gobiernoconstitucional o el militar. La sociedad olvida que si hay algo por lo cual debería de estar agra-decida, es que lo actuado por esas fuerzas fue en defensa de su libertad, de la democraciarepublicana y del estilo de vida occidental. Todo lo actuado ha sido en oposición al “terro-rismo del Estado cubano.”En el ejemplar del diario La Nación del día 20 de julio de 1992, se publicó que “un hombrede la talla de Julián Marías habló públicamente de los años terribles de la subversión y,entre otras cosas, dijo que ‘todos saben –aunque muchos no lo quieran saber– el gravepeligro que corrió la Argentina de convertirse en una gigantesca Cuba, regida desde muylejos. Eso es lo que no se le ha perdonado [a la Argentina]: que lo evitara.” (

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:BJKbODXx2jQJ:uniondepromociones.info/Terrorismo%2520Subversivo%2520en%2520la%2520Argentina%2520-%2520Parte%2520de%2520una%2520Red%2520Internacional%2520-%2520AUNAR%2520-%2520Sep%252007.pdf+&cd=16&hl=es-419&ct=clnk&gl=ar

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1 year ago

Por amor al odio,

Carlos Manuel Acuña

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TERRORISMO SUBVERSIVOEN LA ARGENTINAPARTE DE UNARED INTERNACIONALSi bien en su momento la opinión pública no llegó a dimensionar el alcance de estasupranacional del terrorismo latinoamericano, la Junta CoordinadoraRevolucionaria (JCR) fue una pieza clave de la Guerra Fría.Su concepción y lanzamiento tuvieron como objetivo estratégico la unión de seleccio-nados grupos subversivos que existían en cada país del Cono Sur del continente, sudepuración ideológica, la planificación coparticipada en acciones revolucionarias y lacoordinación y apoyo en aspectos políticos, militares, técnicos, de formación de cuadrosy de propaganda.Por amor al odio, Carlos Manuel Acuña, tomo 1, página 2

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1 year ago
Reply to  Maria O'Connor

INSULTADORA VOS QUE NO QUERÉS LEER LAS PRUEBAS QUE REDARGUYEN TU ESTUPIDEZ…

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1 year ago
Reply to  Maria O'Connor

ANDA A DEBATIR IDEAS CON TU ABUELA IDIOTA MENTECATA MENTE CAPTADA POR EL ERROR…

NO QUERÉS QUE JESUCRISTO REINE POR ESO TE INTERESA DEBATIR…..

COMO ESOS QUE EN LA BIBLIA DICEN NO QUEREMOS QUE ESTE REINE… ASI DE SIMPLE POBRECITA SI SOS BAUTIZADA CATÓLICA SOS UNA POBRE IDIOTA QUE NO QUIERE ADHERIRSE A LA VERDAD.

MÁS TE VALDRÍA TENER UNA AMIGA QUE TE LLEVE A MEDJUGORJE PARA QUE ALLÍ LA VIRGEN MARÍA TE REGALE LA GRACIA DE LA CONVERSION ANTES QUE SEGUIR DEBATIENDO IDIOTECES….

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1 year ago

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1 year ago

¿QUE ACUERDO ?????¿¿QUE ACUERDOOOOOOO¡¡¡¡¡¡¡¡?????

NINGÚN ACUERDO ESO FUE LISA Y LLANAMENTE UN PACTO TRAIDOR DE LOS HIJOS DE PUTAS APÁTRIDAS QUE SE CREYERON DUEÑOS DEL PAÍS

HABLEN CON CLARIDAD O YA CÁYENSE MANGA DE IDIOTAS

QUE PARA SOFISTAS YA TENEMOS EL CONGRESO LLENO DE IMBÉCILES RATAS VENDEPATRAS…

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1 year ago

CÁLLENSE….

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1 year ago

EL CAOS QUE GENERAN LOS CÍNICOS POLÍTICOS HDPESSSSSSSSSSS